Chryseis had been captured in a Greek siege and given to Agamemnon as a war prize.
Agamemnon, king of the Achaians, wants the maid, Briseis, for his own, but she is possessed by Achilles, a mortal son of Zeus, king of the gods. When Achilles is forced to give up the maid, he withdraws angrily from the battle and returns to his ship.
He wins from Zeus the promise that the wrong that he suffered will be avenged. That evening Zeus sends a messenger to the Greek king to convey to him in a dream an order to rise and marshal his Achaian forces against the walls of Troy.
When the king awakens, he calls all his warriors to him and orders them to prepare for battle. All night long the men arm themselves in battle array, making ready their horses and their ships. The gods appear on earth in the disguise of warriors, some siding with the Greeks, some hastening to warn the Trojans.
With the army mustered, Agamemnon begins the march from the camp to the walls of the city, while all the country around is set on fire.
Only Achilles and his men remain behind, determined not to fight on the side of Agamemnon. The Trojan army comes from the gates of the city ready to combat the Greeks.
Menelaus agrees to these words of his rival, and before the warriors of both sides, and under the eyes of Helen, who is summoned to witness the scene from the walls of Troy, he and Paris begin to fight. Menelaus is the mightier warrior. As he is about to pierce his enemy, the goddess Aphrodite, who loves Paris, swoops down from the air and carries him off to his chamber.
She summons Helen there to minister to her wounded lord. Then the victory is declared for Menelaus. In the heavens the gods who favor the Trojans are much disturbed by this intervention. Athena appears on earth to Trojan Pandarus and tells him to seek out Menelaus and kill him.
He shoots an arrow at the unsuspecting king, but the goddess watching over Menelaus deflects the arrow so that it only wounds him. When Agamemnon sees that treacherous deed the armies are in agreement at that moment not to fighthe revokes his vows of peace and exhorts the Greeks once more to battle.
Many Trojans and many Greeks lose their lives that day, because of the foolhardiness of Pandarus. He rebukes Paris for remaining in his chambers with Helen when his countrymen are dying because of his misdeeds.
While Paris makes ready for battle, Hector says good-bye to Andromache, prophesying that Troy will be defeated, himself killed, and Andromache taken captive.
Then Paris joins him and they go together into the battle. When evening comes the Greeks and the Trojans retire to their camps. Agamemnon instructs his men to build a huge bulwark around the camp and in front of the ships, for fear the enemy will press their attack too close.
Zeus then remembers his promise to Achilles to avenge the wrong done to him by Agamemnon. He summons all the gods and forbids them to take part in the war. The next day, Hector and the Trojans sweep through the fields, slaughtering the Greeks.
Hera, the wife of Zeus, and many of the other goddesses are not content to watch the defeat of their mortal friends. When the goddesses attempt to intervene, Zeus sends down his messengers to warn them to desist.
Fearing his armies will be destroyed before Achilles will relent, Agamemnon sends Odysseus to Achilles. Odysseus begs the hero to accept gifts and be pacified. Achilles, still wrathful, threatens to sail for home at the break of day. Agamemnon is troubled by the proud refusal of Achilles.
That night he steals to the camp of the wise man, Nestor, to ask his help in a plan to defeat the Trojans.An analysis of the poem’s structure reveals just how ‘modern’ it is. We don’t meet the title character, the hero of this epic poem, until the fifth book. The first few books of the Odyssey instead focus on Telemachus, back home on the island of Ithaca, trying to rule in his father’s absence.
Homer (/ ˈ h oʊ m ər /; Greek: Ὅμηρος [hómɛːros], Hómēros) is the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
The Iliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek kingdoms. The Iliad Plot Analysis & Timeline. Chapter 2 / Lesson 1. Lesson; Quiz & Worksheet - The Iliad The Iliad is an epic poem, written by Homer, .
Oct 13, · The Iliad book summary in under five minutes! Homer's epic poem The Iliad tells the story of the Trojan war and the epic heroes and gods, including Achilles. Summary Chronicling the deeds of great heroes from the past who helped form a society, the an analysis of the iliad an epic poem by homer Iliad is an introduction to the .
Achilles, the famous mythological war hero, is the central character in The Iliad. It is his storyline that creates the essence of the epic war written by Homer.
Although it may seem that the main theme is about the dominance, gruesomeness, and destruction of Troy when the poem is first read, this.