This occurs when demand for these items grows faster than the supply. The result is more money chasing fewer goods, and therefore prices increase. The stock and bond markets are very sensitive to changes in the CPI because when inflation rises, purchasing power is eroded. The ensuing drop in consumer spending has a negative effect on stock and bond prices.
Diaz American History Class It was largely during the Late Modern period that the United States, newly independent from Britain as ofestablished its pervasive influence on the world. The English colonization of North America had begun as early as Jamestown, Virginia was founded inand the Pilgrim Fathers settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts in The first settlers were, then, contemporaries of ShakespeareBacon and Donneand would have spoken a similar dialect.
In fact, the colony would probably have gone the way of the earlier ill-fated Roanoke Island settlement attempt of were it not for the help of an American native called Squanto, who had learned English from English sailors.
Parts of the New World had already been long colonized by the French, Spanish and Dutch, but English settlers like the Pilgrim Fathers and those who soon followed them went there to stay, not just to search for riches or trading opportunities.
They wanted to establish themselves permanently, to work the land, and to preserve their culture, religion and language, and this was a crucial factor in the survival and development of English in North America. Perhaps the best-known example is the American use of gotten which has long since faded from use in Britain even though forgotten has survived.
But the American use of words like fall for the British autumn, trash for rubbish, hog for pig, sick for ill, guess for think, and loan for lend are all examples of this kind of anachronistic British word usage.
America kept several words such as burly, greenhorn, talented and scant that had been largely dropped in Britain although some have since been recoveredand words like lumber and lot soon acquired their specific American meanings. The settlement of America served as the route of introduction for many Native American words into the English language.
Most of the early settlers were austere Puritans and they were quite conservative in their adoption of native words, which were largely restricted to terms for native animals and foods e. In many cases, the original indigenous words were very difficult to render in English, and have often been mangled almost beyond recognition e.
Some words needed to describe the Native American lifestyle were also accepted e. New words were also needed for some geographical features which had no obvious English parallel in the limited experience of the settlers e.
Immigration into America was not limited to English speakers, though. In the second half of the 19th Century, in particular, over 30 million poured into the country from all parts of the world. At the peak of immigration, from toAmerica absorbed a million Italians, a million Austro-Hungarians, half a million Russians and tens of thousands each from many other countries.
Many nationalities established their own centres: SOUND CLIP Click here for transcript Often foreigners were despised or laughed at, and the newcomers found it in their best interests to integrate well and to observe as much uniformity of speech and language as possible.
This, as well as the improvements in transportation and communication, led to fewer, and less distinct, dialects than in the much smaller area of Britain, although there are some noticeable and apparently quite arbitrary regional differences, even within some states.
Today, Standard American English, also known as General American, is based on a generalized Midwestern accent, and is familiar to us from American films, radio and newscasters.
Long before the Declaration of Independence, British visitors to America often remarked that the average American spoke much better English than the average Englishman.
The colonization of Canada proceeded quite separately from that of America. There had been British, French and Portuguese expeditions to the east coast of Canada even before the end of the 15th Century, but the first permanent European settlement was by France in British interests in Canada did not coalesce until the early 18th Century but, after the Treaty of Paris ofBritain wrested control of most of eastern Canada from the French, and it became an important British colony.
It was the War of against the Americans, as much as Confederation and independence from Britain inthat definitively cemented the separate identity of English Canada.
English in Canada has also been influenced by successive waves of immigration, from the influx of Loyalists from the south fleeing the American Revolution, to the British and Irish who were encouraged to settle the land in the early 19th Century to the huge immigration from all over the world during the 20th Century.
Modern Canadian English tends to show very little regional diversity in pronunciation, even compared to the United States, the Irish-tinged dialect of Newfoundland being far and away the most distinctive dialect.
Its vocabulary has been influenced by loanwords from the native peoples of the north e.In economics, stagflation is a situation in which the inflation rate is high and the economic growth rate slows down and unemployment remains steadily high. It raises a dilemma for economic policy since actions designed to lower inflation or reduce unemployment may actually worsen economic growth.
STAGFLATION Stagflation is a term referring to transitional periods when the economy is simultaneously experiencing the twin evils of Inflation and high Unemployment, a condition many economists as late as the s considered a typical of the U.S. economy. John Maynard Keynes was born in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, to an upper-middle-class r-bridal.com father, John Neville Keynes, was an economist and a lecturer in moral sciences at the University of Cambridge and his mother Florence Ada Keynes a local social reformer.
Keynes was the first born, and was followed by two more children – Margaret Neville Keynes in and Geoffrey . BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Latest news, expert advice and information on money.
Pensions, property and more. United States - The s: Nixon and his national security adviser, Henry Kissinger, believed that American power relative to that of other nations had declined to the point where a fundamental reorientation was necessary.
This specific form of self-fulfilling prophecy is very common and takes many forms. For example, the expectancy for a political party to act in a certain way—based on race, religion, gender and much more—can eventually lead the said party to imitate the stereotype.. Literature, media, and the arts. In literature, self-fulfilling prophecies are often used as plot devices. Start studying US History - Chapters 24, 25 & Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Causes & Effects of Stagflation By Tommy Doc; Updated April 24, Stagflation is an economic term given to the phenomenon of decreasing economic .
They sought improved relations with the Soviet Union to make possible reductions in military strength while at the same time enhancing American security.