A brief overview of how to write a discussion paper How to write a discussion paper — what to begin with? A discussion paper shows and discusses the issues that surround a specifically chosen topic.
While the introduction starts generally and narrows down to the specific hypothesis, the discussion starts with the interpretation of the results, then moves outwards to contextualize these findings in the general field.
The Discussion section is sort of an odd beast because it is here where you speculate, but must avoid rambling, guessing, or making logical leaps beyond what is reasonably supported for your data. Results can take the form of data, hypotheses, models, definitions, formulas, etc.
I imagine the Results section like a dance with swords -- sometimes you are engaging your partner with the pointy end and sometimes you are gliding alongside them. Examples Opening Paragraph -- restate RQ, then provide major result Overall, attitudes and perceptions of both urban and rural primary care patients in this sample show that they are generally receptive to the possibility of receiving medical and psychiatric services via telehealth.
In the current sample, telehealth PE treatment was safe and pragmatically viable. Treatment noncompletion rates, although higher than average for our clinic, were in the acceptable range. Overall, the results of this study support the need for a large-scale randomized controlled trial.
To date, there is a growing body of literature documenting the effectiveness of telehealth for a number of medical and mental health difficulties. Importantly, rural patients, who are more likely to benefit from telehealth interventions as a means of improving access to care, are no more reluctant to use such services than their urban counterparts.
These data are all the more encouraging in light of extant data, which suggests that attitudes toward mental health use are positively associated with actual service use e.
Although the efficacy of exposure-based therapies in the treatment of PTSD is well established, there has been some reluctance to use these therapies in individuals with co-occurring SUDs because of fear that evoking vivid memories of trauma exposure would worsen substance use or lead to relapse or both.
However, there is little empirical evidence to support this belief or to guide the treatment of PTSD in individuals with co-occurring SUDs. Several preliminary studies conducted in the past several years suggest that exposure-based therapy can be used in individuals with cooccurring SUDs and PTSD as long as careful attention is paid to substance use.
In view of the potential problems associated with medication, the results of this study support the view that young people with OCD should, therefore, be offered CBT as the firstline treatment by child and adolescent mental health services.
Other trials of CBT with young people have tended to concentrate on managing the anxiety or discomfort experienced when undertaking exposure and response prevention, e.
The effect size observed in this trial is somewhat less than those seen in previous trials of CBT for young people with OCD mean effect size 1.
These results are inconsistent with prior research indicating that interruptions negatively affect task performance. First, because the participants were highly experienced IM users, they may frequently converse with more than one person while performing a concurrent task.
Relatedly, reading and IMing at the same time may also not have stretched their abilities as multitaskers. However, our data contradict this explanation. We found that average daily IM use was negatively related to performance on the reading comprehension test, indicating that expertise did not help participants successfully complete the task.
In fact, expertise with IM predicted lower scores on the comprehension test. Limitations Some study limitations merit comment. This was a cross-sectional research design that relied on survey data. Additionally, our sample was predominantly Caucasian, and thus, we do not know how these results would generalize to ethnic minority groups.
Thus, our diagnoses are tentative and additional research using more formal diagnostic assessments of PTSD and other psychiatric diagnoses may be warranted. Further Research Future research efforts are needed to develop effective strategies for improving the acceptability and ensuring the appropriate use of telehealth care for those patients who may be positioned to benefit from it.
It is likely that the current increasing demand for mental health services in VA and Department of Defense settings will require the implementation of treatments that have not been adequately investigated or alternatively, as in the current study, that treatments with adequate empirical support will be modified or otherwise flexibly implemented in an attempt to meet the needs of veterans.
Although the scale of the current situation poses challenges to both service providers and veterans, it also presents unprecedented opportunities for scientific investigation and the continued development of evidence-based interventions for PTSD.What is an outline for a research paper and how to write an outline for a research paper?
The primary thing is to provide a clear definition. An academic project outline is an action plan a student prepares not to get lost during the process of writing, and this piece reflects the main points of the text.
American Psychological Association style is the format of choice for writers of scientific research papers. Typically, APA-style papers are broken down into a standardized set of sections, allowing readers to easily understand and access the information contained in the report. One of the most important sections of an APA-style paper is the discussion section, where the results of your experiment are analyzed.
Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper. How to write a discussion paper – make a plan and proceed to writing Make a plan of your discussion paper and write it down.
Your main aim of this step is to make your thoughts on the discussion paper topic organized and in written form.
Sample APA Paper 2 Abstract The Abstract is a one paragraph summary of the report. Write in block style (the first line is not indented) and use words or less.
For example, one of your graphs may show a distinct trend, but not enough to reach an acceptable significance level. Remember that no significance is not the same as no difference, and you can begin to explain this in your discussion section.