For the next 25 seconds, all was silent. And then it hit hard—42 seconds of intense shaking. Buildings fell, sinkholes in the streets opened up, railroad tracks bent, and collapsing bricks crushed cable cars sheltered for the night in the cable car barn. But the real damage had not even begun.
Similar structures[ edit ] Bentham always conceived the Panopticon principle as being beneficial to the design of a variety of institutions in which surveillance was important, including hospitals, schools, workhouses, and lunatic asylums, as well as prisons.
In particular, he developed it in his ideas for a " chrestomathic " school one devoted to useful learningin which teaching was to be undertaken by senior pupils on the monitorial principleunder the overall supervision of the Master;  and for a pauper "industry-house" workhouse.
It burned down in Designed by William Struttand constructed init had fallen into disuse by the beginning of the 20th century and was demolished in It was considered a model facility at the time. The Panopticon has been suggested as an "open" hospital architecture: Hospitals required knowledge of contacts, contagions, proximity and crowding Criticism and use as metaphor[ edit ] Main article: Panopticism "Contrasted Residences for the Poor": Whereas Bentham himself regarded the Panopticon as a rational, enlightened, and therefore just, solution to societal problems, his ideas have been repeatedly criticised by others for their reductive, mechanistic and inhumane approach to human lives.
Thus, inAugustus Pugin published the second edition of his work Contrasts in which one plate showed a "Modern Poor House" clearly modelled on a Panopticona bleak and comfortless structure in which the pauper is separated from his family, subjected to a harsh discipline, fed on a minimal diet, and consigned after death to medical dissection, contrasted with an "Antient Poor House", an architecturally inspiring religious institution in which the pauper is treated throughout with humanity and dignity.
This means that the Panopticon operates as a power mechanism. The Panopticon creates a consciousness of permanent visibility as a form of power, where no bars, chains, and heavy locks are necessary for domination any more. Anti-CCTV graffiti Building on Foucault, contemporary social critics often assert that technology has allowed for the deployment of panoptic structures invisibly throughout society.
Surveillance by CCTV cameras in public spaces is an example of a technology that brings the gaze of a superior into the daily lives of the populace. They can transmit the voice of a camera supervisor to issue audible messages to the public. The Future of Work and Power to describe how computer technology makes work more visible.
Zuboff examined how computer systems were used to track the behavior and output of workers. She used the term panopticon because the workers could not tell that they were being spied on, while the manager was able to check their work continuously.
Zuboff argued that there is a collective responsibility formed by the hierarchy in the Information Panopticon that eliminates subjective opinions and judgements of managers on their employees.
Essays in the Theatre and Contemporary Aesthetics. Science, Surveillance, and the Culture of Control seeks to demonstrate how our society, by techniques like the use of biometric passports to identity chips in consumer goods, from nanoparticle weapons to body-enhancing and mind-altering drugs for soldiers, is being pushed towards a panopticon-like state.
Both argue that catering at all times to the desires of the customer can lead to increasingly oppressive corporate environments and quotas in which many warehouse workers can no longer keep up with demands of management.
On the Surveillance of Blackness She proposes that the plan of the slave ship Brookesproduced and distributed by the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade inshould be regarded as the paradigmatic blueprint for what she calls "racializing surveillance".
The Panopticon of Social Media[ edit ] The concept of Panopticon has been referenced in discussions about of the impact of social media.
For example, whether this type of visuality is as asymmetrical, and — I think more importantly — being co-opted for the same political exercise. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.GamesRadar+ takes you closer to the games, movies and TV you love.
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